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Myopia in Children: Causes and Treatment

What is Myopia? Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

It’s no secret that the number of kids with myopia has been on the rise in recent years, and it’s something that parents and healthcare professionals are very aware of. As the understanding of this condition continues to grow, so does the need to take proactive measures to help manage it.

This blog focuses on the complexities of myopia management in children, from examining the causes and options for effective treatment. Check out the most recent information and recommendations to protect your child’s vision and promote eye health for a longer time.

Let’s get started!

What Is Myopia?

Myopia is a condition of blurry, long-range vision that typically develops between 6 and 14 years of age. If your child has myopia, this means that they are able to see clearly at close range, but they may not be able to see clearly when looking at an object or seeing an image at a distance.

This condition is very common, affecting about 5% of all preschoolers and about 9% of all school-age children. Myopia occurs when the eye focuses on an image before it reaches the retina, making the image blurry and out of focus.

Causes of Myopia in Children

Myopia or nearsightedness is not an uncommon problem that is generally with millions of children worldwide. The cause of myopia in children should be understood for early detection and treatment purposes. Here are six key factors contributing to the development of myopia:

  • Genetics: It also appears that children of myopic parents are genetically predisposed to this condition itself. Is it probable that genetic predisposition is a determinant of nearsightedness severity in every child?
  • Environmental Factors: Feeling near work activities even too much such as prolonged reading, screen time, and close-up work may cause myopia in children.
  • Outdoor Time: The evolution of myopia is proven to be higher in people with limited outdoor exposure. Being outdoors, preferably in the daytime, has protective influence in terms of the development of short sightedness.
  • Educational Pressure: Continuous effort to raise academic performance and study closely over a long period of time may increase the incidence of myopia among children. Being an academic student puts a strain on certain muscles and we get worse.
  • Lifestyle Habits: Insufficient sleep, unhealthy eating habits and lack of physical activity may have a negative effect on the child’s sight and lead to the development of myopia.
  • Visual Habits: Insufficient visual behaviors, such as wrong sitting posture, holding reading materials with the eyes too close, or not taking enough breaks during the near work, can cause eye strain and further myopia.


  1. Blurry Vision
  2. Squinting
  3. Headaches
  4. Eye Fatigue
  5. Rubbing Eyes
  6. Difficulty in School
  7. Sensitivity to Light

Myopia Control Options for Treatment

What is Myopia? Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Children with myopia, it becomes vital to slow down the progression of myopia and to enhance eyesight. Key interventions include:

Myopia Control Lenses: Custom designed contact lenses or glasses that can retard the myopia progression by provoking the light’s focus on the retina in a different way.

Orthokeratology (Ortho-K): These contacts function by reshaping the cornea overnight, providing clear vision while awake and making it possible to avoid wearing glasses or contacts.

Atropine Eye Drops: Low-dose atropine eye drops can keep the eye muscles relaxed thereby decelerating progressive myopia.

Multifocal Eyeglasses: One of the ways eyeglasses are particularly important is that they may contain multiple focal points that may decrease the eyestrain and slow myopia development in school-aged children.

Behavioral Modifications: Outdoor activities, reducing the screen time, and teaching the proper work habits, such as observations and visual habit, helps to decrease the risk of myopia.

Myopia Awareness Week: Active participation in activities like Myopia Awareness Week enlightens all as far as early detection and control of myopia is concerned.

 Combining therapeutic protocols, regular eye checkups, and lifestyle changes can effectively control and prevent further development of a child’s eye condition.

Preventing and Managing Myopia Progression in Children

By combining the below strategies, parents can take proactive steps to prevent and manage myopia in their children effectively: 

  • Outdoor Time: Encourage children to get back to nature as the researchers reported that natural light may significantly mitigate the progression of myopia.
  • Limit Screen Time: Reduce the time spent on devices to the minimum as research found that overuse of devices causes myopia in children.
  • Regular Eye Exams: Set an appointment for your eye exam to find out if the progression is normal or needs intervention at an early stage.
  • Proper Lighting: Make sure that there is adequate lighting when you read or study so as to reduce eye fatigue, which further strains the eyes to enable myopia progression.
  • Healthy Diet: Ensure a balanced diet that is rich in nutrients like Vitamin A, C, and E, as they are crucial in maintaining a healthy eye and also possibly reducing myopia.

Insights for Myopia Awareness Week

Myopia Awareness Week takes place from May 13-19 and is an important period to focus on this particular vision problem. This observance is used to educate the public on the dangers of myopia and the need for regular visits to the eye clinic. This week focuses on the potential of myopia in vision and overall eye health and what people can do to prevent it from developing.

How Vision Galley Helps for Myopia Management

Vision Gallery provides personalized treatment for myopia in children through eye exams and advanced equipment. We track myopia progression and offer specialized lenses, orthokeratology, and atropine eye drops. These innovative approaches ensure the best possible outcome for children’s eye health and vision clarity, focusing on early detection and early detection of myopia progression.

Empower Your Child’s Future Vision with Vision Gallery!

Is your child struggling with myopia? We have the perfect treatment for your child’s vision concerns. Our innovative myopia control procedures are specifically designed for children, so they don’t experience vision loss during critical developmental stages.

Don’t let myopia hold your child back from achieving his or her full potential. Schedule an appointment with Vision Gallery in Katy today and start a journey to a clearer, brighter future! Experience clarity! Contact Vision Gallery today for expert eye care: Call us at 281-377-0219 or email us.

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